Almond ie tarhamanteli of almond ( Prunus dulcis , the previous classification of Prunus amygdalus or Amygdalus communis ) is a small tree . Its fruit is a drupe , inside which the seed reminds nuts . Almonds also means that the seed.
The tree grows about 4-10 feet high, and its foliage may be the same width.
Wild species of most forms of the seeds of bitter almonds and include toxic amygdalin , which produces hydrolysis of prussic acid . It has been cultivation varieties whose seeds have not amygdalin, in which case they are edible.
Stone fruits such as rose plants belonging to Prunus genus of tree fruits such as cherry , plum , peach , almond and apricot , as well as the same family of bird cherry "berry". At the same tribe within the Rubus genus plants such as raspberries , arctic bramble and the lacquer is one of many small increased drupe formed hedelmystö, multiple drupe. Drupe is a number of other tribes within the plants, such as olive and taateli .
Besides hydrocyanic acid is highly toxic, but the evaporation and thermal sensitivity of it accumulates in the heated and bitter for food produced from just a harmless amount. Instead, heated preparation of bitter almonds intake is very dangerous because of the hydrocyanic acid formed in the stomach. Adult serious poisonings are rare, but children may be at risk for small amounts of uncooked bitter almonds. Fatal prussic acid poisoning in a quantity adjusted for body weight is about 10 children and adults from 50 to 60 pounds per bitter almond, already one of the symptoms caused by the Bitter Almond kg body weight.
Amygdalin have a bitter taste and a toxic substance. It is easily decomposed by water, when one of its degradation products generated highly toxic hydrogen cyanide or prussic acid. It blocks cell respiration and in high doses cause immediate death in humans and other living. Hydrogen cyanide salts known as cyanides. Besides hydrocyanic acid, the name comes from the fact that the prussic acid to form iron with complex compounds that are colored blue.
Before the year 1959 on the variety name may be Latinized , but after laying must be contemporary language. If the variety is a multi- species hybrid or species is not known, write the variety name directly to the family after the name, such as Rosa 'FJ Grootendorst'.